jueves, 16 de febrero de 2012

Effect of a local ban of a restriction in the number of hours to expend liquors in relation with violence during 2005–2008 in one District of Lima, Pe

Inj Prev 2010;16:A12-A13 doi:10.1136/ip.2010.029215.44
IP Safety 2010 abstracts

Comite de Expertos del Programa de Investigacion en Accidentes de Transito.NIH,Per, Precursores 511 Dpto.102.Urb.Valle Hermoso,Surco,Lima,Per, Lima 331, Peru
Background The most violent area in Lima City was La Victoria,to control it, the local government restrict the hours of expenditure of alcoholic beverage.

Objective To compare one district with the law, against other without the law.

Material and methods To analysed results clinical histories of one Hospital (2006 vs 2007–2008) and necropsies (2005–2006 vs 2007–2008) from La Victoria and Cercado de Lima were used.

Results In La Victoria, occurs a reduction of aggressions of 40.7% and 36.4% in 2007 and 2008, in relation to 2006 (p≤0.014). This negative tendency in aggressions, is related with the ban Y=−11.25+27.32X (p≤0.02). This occurs mainly in young males victims by quarter and weekends. The homicides diminish 44% (p≤0.0186) and 35% of the suicides. The reduction of homicides happens in three quarters, Sundays and weekends, and with suicides at the second semester. The ratio female/man in homicides changes from 1 in 7.3 to 1 in 4.6. There was a significant increase of alcohol in death bodies from 20.3 to 41.5%, RR=2.03 (95% CI 1.09 to 3.8) and a X2=5.24 (p≤0.022). In El Cercado there were no changes. Homicides occurs mainly in single men, of low level of education.

Conclusions The ban has a probably impact reducing violence. The relative increase of homicides with alcohol could be linked to the reduction of just the impremeditated violence.

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jueves, 2 de febrero de 2012


Dear Hernan,

Tell us about ongoing violence prevention effectiveness studies.
WHO and Liverpool John Moores University's Centre for Public Health are launching a register of violence prevention effectiveness studies that are about to start or are currently underway http://www.preventviolence.info/trials_search.aspx

Information from the register will be searchable online, and will be periodically disseminated through mailing lists, websites, and social media. By sharing information about the who, what, and where of ongoing violence prevention effectiveness studies, the project aims to strengthen a global culture of evidence-informed violence prevention.

To inform us of a relevant study that you think should be added to the register, please ensure that the study meets the inclusion criteria http://www.preventviolence.info/trial_criteria.aspx and then complete the online submission form http://www.preventviolence.info/trial_add.aspx.

Please feel free to disseminate this notice widely.

PS - please check out the new Global Campaign for Violence Prevention Facebook page

If you think it's useful, "like" it and encourage others to do the same, and use it to disseminate your own technical information. This is one of the channels we'll use to disseminate information